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Rare Names from Greek Mythology and Roman Mythology

[ Q to Z]

The Names below are listed alphabetically. The names in Parenthesis indicate the Roman Equivalent of the Name. Some of the names are exclusively Roman. Words in Bold indicate Cross References to other names. 
  • Quirinus: Roman war god.
  • Remus: Brother of Romulus; slain by him.
  • Rhadamanthus: One of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus and Europa.
  • Rhea (Ops): Daughter of Uranus and Gaea; wife of Cronus; mother of Zeus; identified with Cybele.
  • Rivers of Underworld: Acheron (woe), Cocytus (wailing), Lethe (forgetfulness), Phlegethon (fire), Styx (across which souls of dead were ferried by Charon).
  • Romulus: Founder of Rome; he and Remus suckled in infancy by she-wolf; slew Remus; deified by Romans.
  • Sarpedon: King of Lycia; son of Zeus and Europa; slain by Patroclus at Troy.
  • Saturn: Roman Equivalent of Cronus.
  • Satyrs: Hoofed demigods of woods and fields; companions of Dionysus.
  • Sciron: Robber; forced strangers to wash his feet, then hurled them into sea where tortoise devoured them; slain by Theseus.
  • Scylla: Female monster inhabiting rock opposite Charybdis; menaced passing sailors.
  • Selene: Goddess of moon.
  • Semele: Daughter of Cadmus; mother by Zeus of Dionysus; demanded Zeus appear before her in all his splendor and was destroyed by his lightning bolts.
  • Sibyis: Various prophetesses; most famous, Cumaean sibyl, accompanied Aeneas into Hades.
  • Sileni: Minor woodland deities similar to satyrs (singular: silenus). Sometimes Silenus refers to eldest of satyrs, son of Hermes or of Pan.
  • Silvanus: Roman god of woods and fields.
  • Sinis: Giant; bent pines, with which he hurled victims against side of mountain; slain by Theseus.
  • Sirens: Minor deities who lured sailors to destruction with their singing.
  • Sisyphus: King of Corinth; condemned in Tartarus to roll huge stone to top of hill; it always rolled back down again.
  • Sol: Roman Equivalent of Helios.
  • Somnus: Roman Equivalent of Hypnos.
  • Sphinx: Monster of Thebes; killed those who could not answer her riddle; slain by Oedipus. Name also refers to other monsters having body of lion, wings, and head and bust of woman.
  • Sterope (Asterope): One of several Pleiades.
  • Stheno: One of several Gorgons.
  • Styx: One of several Rivers of Underworld. The souls of the dead were ferried across the Styx by Charon.
  • Symplegades: Clashing rocks at entrance to Black Sea; Argo passed through, causing them to become forever fixed.
  • Syrinx: Nymph pursued by Pan; changed to reeds, from which he made his pipes.
  • Tantalus: Cruel king; father of Pelops and Niobe; condemned in Tartarus to stand chin-deep in lake surrounded by fruit branches; as he tried to eat or drink, water or fruit always receded.
  • Tartarus: Underworld below Hades; often refers to Hades.
  • Taygeta: One of several Pleiades.
  • Telemachus: Son of Odysseus; made unsuccessful journey to find his father.
  • Tellus: Roman goddess of earth.
  • Terminus: Roman god of boundaries and landmarks.
  • Terpsichore: One of several Muses.
  • Terra: Roman earth goddess.
  • Thalia: One of several Graces. Also one of several Muses.
  • Thanatos (Mors): God of death.
  • Themis: Titan goddess of laws of physical phenomena; daughter of Uranus; mother of Prometheus.
  • Theseus: Son of Aegeus; slew Minotaur; married and deserted Ariadne; later married Phaedra.
  • Thisbe: Beloved of Pyramus; killed herself at his death.
  • Thyestes: Brother of Atreus; Atreus killed three of his sons and served them to him at banquet.
  • Tiresias: Blind soothsayer of Thebes.
  • Tisiphone: One of several Furies.
  • Titans: Early gods from which Olympian gods were derived; children of Uranus and Gaea.
  • Tithonus: Mortal loved by Eos; changed into grasshopper.
  • Triton: Demigod of sea; son of Poseidon.
  • Turnus: King of Rutuli in Italy; betrothed to Lavinia; slain by Aeneas.
  • Ulysses: Roman Equivalent of Odysseus.
  • Urania: One of several Muses.
  • Uranus: Personification of Heaven; husband of Gaea; father of Titans; dethroned by his son Cronus.
  • Venus:Roman Equivalent of Aphrodite.
  • Vertumnus: Roman god of fruits and vegetables; husband of Pomona.
  • Vesta:Roman Equivalent of Hestia.
  • Vulcan: Roman Equivalent of Hephaestus.
  • Winds: Aeolus (keeper of winds), Boreas (Aquilo) (north wind), Eurus (east wind), Notus (Auster) (south wind), Zephyrus (Favonius) (west wind).
  • Zephyrus: One of several Winds.
  • Zeus (Jupiter): Chief of Olympian gods; son of Cronus and Rhea; husband of Hera.


 

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A  Portion of Mythological Greek and Roman Names is an Extract from Kids Almanac on Infoplease

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