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Rare Names from Greek Mythology and Roman Mythology

[ K to P]

The Names below are listed alphabetically. The names in Parenthesis indicate the Roman Equivalent of the Name. Some of the names are exclusively Roman. Words in Bold indicate Cross References to other names. 
  • Lachesis: One of several Fates.
  • Laius: Father of Oedipus, by whom he was slain.
  • Laocoön: Priest of Apollo at Troy; warned against bringing wooden horse into Troy; destroyed with his two sons by serpents sent by Poseidon.
  • Lares: Roman ancestral spirits protecting descendants and homes.
  • Latona:Roman Equivalent of Leto.
  • Lavinia: Wife of Aeneas after defeat of Turnus.
  • Leander: Swam Hellespont nightly to see Hero; drowned in storm.
  • Leda: Mortal loved by Zeus in form of swan; mother of Helen, Clytemnestra, Dioscuri.
  • Lethe: One of several Rivers of Underworld.
  • Leto (Latona): Mother by Zeus of Artemis and Apollo.
  • Lucina: Roman goddess of childbirth; identified with Juno.
  • Lynceus: Son of Aegyptus; husband of Hypermnestra; slew Danaüs.
  • Maia: Daughter of Atlas; mother of Hermes.
  • Maia: One of several Pleiades.
  • Manes: Souls of dead Romans, particularly of ancestors.
  • Mars: Roman Equivalent of Ares.
  • Marsyas: Shepherd; challenged Apollo to music contest and lost; flayed alive by Apollo.
  • Medea: Sorceress; daughter of Aeëtes; helped Jason obtain Golden Fleece; when deserted by him for Creüsa, killed her children and Creüsa.
  • Medusa: One of several Gorgons; slain by Perseus, who cut off her head.
  • Megaera: One of several Furies.
  • Meleager: Son of Althaea; his life would last as long as brand burning at his birth; Althaea quenched and saved it but destroyed it when Meleager slew his uncles.
  • Melpomene: One of several Muses.
  • Memnon: Ethiopian king; made immortal by Zeus; son of Tithonus and Eos.
  • Menelaus: King of Sparta; son of Atreus; brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen.
  • Mercury: Roman Equivalent of Hermes.
  • Merope: One of several Pleiades. Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal.
  • Mezentius: Cruel Etruscan king; ally of Turnus against Aeneas; slain by Aeneas.
  • Midas: King of Phrygia; given gift of turning to gold all he touched.
  • Minerva: Roman Equivalent of Athena.
  • Minos: King of Crete; after death, one of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus and Europa.
  • Minotaur: Monster, half man and half beast, kept in Labyrinth in Crete; slain by Theseus.
  • Mnemosyne: Goddess of memory; mother by Zeus of Muses.
  • Moirae: One of several Fates.
  • Momus: God of ridicule.
  • Morpheus: God of dreams.
  • Mors: Roman Equivalent of Thanatos.
  • Morta: One of several Fates.
  • Muses: Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences: Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
  • Naiads: Nymphs of waters, streams, and fountains.
  • Napaeae: Wood nymphs.
  • Narcissus: Beautiful youth loved by Echo; in punishment for not returning her love, he was made to fall in love with his image reflected in pool; pined away and became flower.
  • Nemesis: Goddess of retribution.
  • Neoptolemus: Son of Achilles; slew Priam; also known as Pyrrhus.
  • Neptune: Roman Equivalent of Poseidon.
  • Nereids: Sea nymphs; attendants on Poseidon.
  • Nestor: King of Pylos; noted for wise counsel in expedition against Troy.
  • Nike: Goddess of victory.
  • Niobe: Daughter of Tantalus; wife of Amphion; her children slain by Apollo and Artemis; changed to stone but continued to weep her loss.
  • Nomiki: Law
  • Nona: One of several Fates.
  • Notus: One of several Winds.
  • Nox: Roman Equivalent of Nyx.
  • Nymphs: Beautiful maidens; minor deities of nature.
  • Nyx (Nox): Goddess of night.
  • Oceanids: Ocean nymphs; daughters of Oceanus.
  • Oceanus: Eldest of Titans; god of waters.
  • Odysseus (Ulysses): King of Ithaca; husband of Penelope; wandered ten years after fall of Troy before arriving home.
  • Oedipus: King of Thebes; son of Laius and Jocasta; unwittingly murdered Laius and married Jocasta; tore his eyes out when relationship was discovered.
  • Oenone: Nymph of Mount Ida; wife of Paris, who abandoned her; refused to cure him when he was poisoned by arrow of Philoctetes at Troy.
  • Ops: Roman Equivalent of Rhea.
  • Oreads: Mountain nymphs.
  • Orestes: Son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; brother of Electra; slew Clytemnestra and Aegisthus; pursued by Furies until his purification by Apollo.
  • Orion: Hunter; slain by Artemis and made heavenly constellation.
  • Orpheus: Famed musician; son of Apollo and Muse Calliope; husband of Eurydice.
  • Pales: Roman goddess of shepherds and herdsmen.
  • Palinurus: Aeneas' pilot; fell overboard in his sleep and was drowned.
  • Pan (Faunus): God of woods and fields; part goat; son of Hermes.
  • Pandora: Opener of box containing human ills; mortal wife of Epimetheus.
  • Parcae: One of several Fates.
  • Paris: Son of Priam; gave apple of discord to Aphrodite, for which she enabled him to carry off Helen; slew Achilles at Troy; slain by Philoctetes.
  • Patroclus: Great friend of Achilles; wore Achilles' armor and was slain by Hector.
  • Pegasus: Winged horse that sprang from Medusa's body at her death; ridden by Bellerophon when he slew Chimera.
  • Pelias: King of Ioclus; seized throne from his brother Aeson; sent Jason for Golden Fleece; slain unwittingly by his daughters at instigation of Medea.
  • Pelops: Son of Tantalus; his father cooked and served him to gods; restored to life; Peloponnesus named for him.
  • Penates: Roman household gods.
  • Penelope: Wife of Odysseus; waited faithfully for him for many years while putting off numerous suitors.
  • Pephredo: One of several Graeae.
  • Periphetes: Giant; son of Hephaestus; slain by Theseus.
  • Persephone (Proserpine): Queen of infernal regions; daughter of Zeus and Demeter; wife of Pluto.
  • Perseus: Son of Zeus and Danaë; slew Medusa; rescued Andromeda from monster and married her.
  • Phaedra: Daughter of Minos; wife of Theseus; caused the death of her stepson, Hippolytus.
  • Phaethon: Son of Helios; drove his father's sun chariot and was struck down by Zeus before he set world on fire.
  • Philippa: A Greek name meaning Lover of Horses.
  • Philoctetes: Greek warrior who possessed Hercules' bow and arrows; slew Paris at Troy with poisoned arrow.
  • Phineus: Betrothed of Andromeda; tried to slay Perseus but turned to stone by Medusa's head.
  • Phlegethon: One of several Rivers of Underworld.
  • Phosphor: Morning star.
  • Phrixos: Brother of Helle; carried by ram of Golden Fleece to Colchis.
  • Pirithous: Son of Ixion; friend of Theseus; tried to carry off Persephone from Hades; bound to enchanted rock by Pluto.
  • Pleiades: Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope or Asterope, Taygeta; seven daughters of Atlas; transformed into heavenly constellation, of which six stars are visible (Merope is said to have hidden in shame for loving a mortal).
  • Pluto (Dis): God of Hades; brother of Zeus.
  • Plutus: God of wealth.
  • Pollux: One of Dioscuri.
  • Polymnia (Polyhymnia): One of several Muses.
  • Polynices: Son of Oedipus; he and his brother Eteocles killed each other; burial rite, forbidden by Creon, performed by his sister Antigone.
  • Polyphemus: Cyclops; devoured six of Odysseus's men; blinded by Odysseus.
  • Polyxena: Daughter of Priam; betrothed to Achilles, whom Paris slew at their betrothal; sacrificed to shade of Achilles.
  • Pomona: Roman goddess of fruits.
  • Pontus: Sea god; son of Gaea.
  • Poseidon (Neptune): God of sea; brother of Zeus.
  • Priam: King of Troy; husband of Hecuba; ransomed Hector's body from Achilles; slain by Neoptolemus.
  • Priapus: God of regeneration.
  • Procris: Wife of Cephalus, who accidentally slew her.
  • Procrustes: Giant; stretched or cut off legs of victims to make them fit iron bed; slain by Theseus.
  • Proetus: Husband of Anteia; sent Bellerophon to Iobates to be put to death.
  • Prometheus: Titan; stole fire from heaven for man. Zeus punished him by chaining him to rock in Caucasus where vultures devoured his liver daily.
  • Proserpine: Roman Equivalent of Persephone.
  • Proteus: Sea god; assumed various shapes when called on to prophesy.
  • Psyche: Beloved of Eros; punished by jealous Aphrodite; made immortal and united with Eros.
  • Pygmalion: King of Cyprus; carved ivory statue of maiden which Aphrodite gave life as Galatea.
  • Pyramus: Babylonian youth; made love to Thisbe through hole in wall; thinking Thisbe slain by lion, killed himself.
  • Python: Serpent born from slime left by Deluge; slain by Apollo.



Greek and Roman names from A to D

Greek and Roman names from E to J

Greek and Roman names from K to P

Greek and Roman names from Q to Z


A  Portion of Mythological Greek and Roman Names is an Extract from Kids Almanac on Infoplease

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