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Rare Names from Greek Mythology and Roman Mythology

[ E to J]

The Names below are listed alphabetically. The names in Parenthesis indicate the Roman Equivalent of the Name. Some of the names are exclusively Roman. Words in Bold indicate Cross References to other names. 
  • Echo: Nymph who fell hopelessly in love with Narcissus; faded away except for her voice.
  • Electra: Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; sister of Orestes; urged Orestes to slay Clytemnestra and Aegisthus.
  • Electra: One of several Pleiades.
  • Elysium: Abode of blessed dead.
  • Endymion: Mortal loved by Selene.
  • Enyo: One of several Graeae.
  • Eos (Aurora): Goddess of dawn.
  • Epimetheus: Brother of Prometheus; husband of Pandora.
  • Erato: One of several Muses.
  • Erebus: Spirit of darkness; son of Chaos.
  • Erinyes: One of several Furies.
  • Eris: Goddess of discord.
  • Eros (Amor or Cupid): God of love; son of Aphrodite.
  • Eteocles: Son of Oedipus, whom he succeeded to rule alternately with Polynices; refused to give up throne at end of year; he and Polynices slew each other.
  • Eumenides: One of several Furies.
  • Euphrosyne: One of several Graces.
  • Europa: Mortal loved by Zeus, who, in form of white bull, carried her off to Crete.
  • Eurus: One of several Winds.
  • Euryale: One of several Gorgons.
  • Eurydice: Nymph; wife of Orpheus.
  • Eurystheus: King of Argos; imposed twelve labors on Hercules.
  • Euterpe: One of several Muses.
  • Fates: Goddesses of destiny; Clotho (Spinner of thread of life), Lachesis (Determiner of length), and Atropos (Cutter of thread); also called Moirae. Identified by Romans with their goddesses of fate; Nona, Decuma, and Morta; called Parcae.
  • Fauns: Roman deities of woods and groves.
  • Faunus: Roman Equivalent of Pan.
  • Favonius: One of several Winds.
  • Flora: Roman goddess of flowers.
  • Fortuna: Roman goddess of fortune.
  • Furies: Avenging spirits; Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; known also as Erinyes or Eumenides.
  • Gaea: Goddess of earth; daughter of Chaos; mother of Titans; known also as Ge, Gea, Gaia, etc.
  • Galatea: Statue of maiden carved from ivory by Pygmalion; given life by Aphrodite.
  • Galatea: Sea nymph; loved by Polyphemus.
  • Ganymede: Beautiful boy; successor to Hebe as cupbearer of gods.
  • Glaucus: Mortal who became sea divinity by eating magic grass.
  • Golden Fleece: Fleece from ram that flew Phrixos to Colchis; Aeëtes placed it under guard of dragon; carried off by Jason.
  • Gorgons: Female monsters; Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno; had snakes for hair; their glances turned mortals to stone.
  • Graces: Beautiful goddesses: Aglaia (Brilliance), Euphrosyne (Joy), and Thalia (Bloom); daughters of Zeus.
  • Graeae: Sentinels for Gorgons; Deino, Enyo, and Pephredo; had one eye among them, which passed from one to another.
  • Hades (Dis): Name sometimes given Pluto; also, abode of dead, ruled by Pluto.
  • Haemon: Son of Creon; promised husband of Antigone; killed himself in her tomb.
  • Hamadryads: Tree nymphs.
  • Harpies: Monsters with heads of women and bodies of birds.
  • Hebe (Juventas): Goddess of youth; cupbearer of gods before Ganymede; daughter of Zeus and Hera.
  • Hecate: Goddess of sorcery and witchcraft.
  • Hector: Son of Priam; slayer of Patroclus; slain by Achilles.
  • Hecuba: Wife of Priam.
  • Helen: Fairest woman in world; daughter of Zeus and Leda; wife of Menelaus; carried to Troy by Paris, causing Trojan War.
  • Heliades: Daughters of Helios; mourned for Phaëthon and were changed to poplar trees.
  • Helios (Sol): God of sun; later identified with Apollo.
  • Helle: Sister of Phrixos; fell from ram of Golden Fleece; water where she fell named Hellespont.
  • Hephaestus (Vulcan): God of fire; celestial blacksmith; son of Zeus and Hera; husband of Aphrodite.
  • Hera (Juno): Queen of heaven; wife of Zeus.
  • Hercules: Hero and strong man; son of Zeus and Alcmene; performed twelve labors or deeds to be free from bondage under Eurystheus; after death, his mortal share was destroyed, and he became immortal. Also known as Herakles or Heracles. Labors: (1) killing Nemean lion; (2) killing Lernaean Hydra; (3) capturing Erymanthian boar; (4) capturing Cerynean hind; (5) killing man-eating Stymphalian birds; (6) procuring girdle of Hippolyte; (7) cleaning Augean stables; (8) capturing Cretan bull; (9) capturing man-eating horses of Diomedes; (10) capturing cattle of Geryon; (11) procuring golden apples of Hesperides; (12) bringing Cerberus up from Hades.
  • Hermes (Mercury): God of physicians and thieves; messenger of gods; son of Zeus and Maia.
  • Hero: Priestess of Aphrodite; Leander swam Hellespont nightly to see her; drowned herself at his death.
  • Hesperus: Evening star.
  • Hestia (Vesta): Goddess of hearth; sister of Zeus.
  • Hippolyte: Queen of Amazons; wife of Theseus.
  • Hippolytus: Son of Theseus and Hippolyte; falsely accused by Phaedra of trying to kidnap her; slain by Poseidon at request of Theseus.
  • Hippomenes: Husband of Atalanta, whom he beat in race by dropping golden apples, which she stopped to pick up.
  • Hyacinthus: Beautiful youth accidentally killed by Apollo, who caused flower to spring up from his blood.
  • Hydra: Nine-headed monster in marsh of Lerna; slain by Hercules.
  • Hygeia: Personification of health.
  • Hyman: God of marriage.
  • Hyperion: Titan; early sun god; father of Helios.
  • Hypermnestra: Daughter of Danaüs; refused to kill her husband Lynceus.
  • Hypnos (Somnus): God of sleep.
  • Iapetus: Titan; father of Atlas, Epimetheus, and Prometheus.
  • Icarus: Son of Daedalus; flew too near sun with wax-attached wings and fell into sea and was drowned.
  • Io: Mortal maiden loved by Zeus; changed by Hera into heifer.
  • Iobates: King of Lycia; sent Bellerophon to slay Chimera.
  • Iphigenia: Daughter of Agamemnon; offered as sacrifice to Artemis at Aulis; carried by Artemis to Tauris where she became priestess; escaped from there with Orestes.
  • Iris: Goddess of rainbow; messenger of Zeus and Hera.
  • Ismene: Daughter of Oedipus; sister of Antigone.
  • Istra:The Greek Goddess of Psyche
  • Iulus: Son of Aeneas.
  • Ixion: King of Lapithae; for making love to Hera he was bound to endlessly revolving wheel in Tartarus.
  • Janus: Roman god of gates and doors; represented with two opposite faces.
  • Jason: Son of Aeson; to gain throne of Ioclus from Pelias, went to Colchis and brought back Golden Fleece; married Medea; deserted her for Creüsa.
  • Jocasta: Wife of Laius; mother of Oedipus; unwittingly became wife of Oedipus; hanged herself when relationship was discovered.
  • Juno: Roman Equivalent of Hera.
  • Jupiter: Roman Equivalent of Zeus.
  • Juventas: Roman Equivalent of Hebe
 

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A  Portion of Mythological Greek and Roman Names is an Extract from Kids Almanac on Infoplease

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